Hemorrhoids: The Basics

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids is a disease that commonly develops if the manner of a person’s bowel is affected. These are swollen veins that can be found in the anus.

Hemorrhoids have two types, which are the internal and the external. The internal hemorrhoids only develop in the area inside the anus while the external type develops outside it. The external type is the one considered as the most common and one which is more troublesome. When a person is suffering from hemorrhoid disease, he or she may feel pain, difficulty sitting, and severe itching.

What Causes Hemorrhoids?

Common Causes: Constipation and Diarrhea

These are usually an indication that your diet needs to be fixed. Constipation can be avoided by ensuring that there is enough fiber in your diet, but not too much cause you to have frequent bowel movements or be on the verge of diarrhea. The most common rule of thumb is that you should never have to struggle to pass stool. Clenching and forcing stool to pass through your anus can in itself cause damage to the walls, and ultimately the veins in that area. For other causes view this post.

How to Treat Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoid treatment is available in two types. The first is one that can be done by the patient and the other one is those that are prescribed the doctor. Depending on the findings, the doctor may recommend patients to take medications or undergo surgery.

For Mild Discomfort Caused by Hemorrhoids

For a person suffering from the disease but only experiencing mild discomfort, the doctor may prescribe over the counter medications such as creams, pads, suppositories or ointments. These products are formulated containing ingredients like hydrocortisone and witch hazel that can help relieve itchiness and pain temporarily.

Procedures that are Minimally Invasive

In cases when a blood clot has already formed, the doctor might suggest procedures like performing simple incision so that the clot will be removed. However, if persistent bleeding occurs, then injection of chemical to the hemorrhoid may be performed so that it would shrink. Rubber band litigation, coagulation or usage of infrared light or laser may be performed depending on the case.

Surgical Procedures

There are cases when the hemorrhoids have already become too large or the other procedures don’t yield the intended results. In such cases, the patient will be recommended to undergo a surgery. The surgery may either be hemorrhoid removal in which excessive tissues that cause too much bleeding is removed, or the hemorrhoid stapling so that blood flowing to the hemorrhoidal tissue will be blocked.

The mentioned information is the general hemorrhoid treatment. For persons who prefer to avoid undergoing surgery, it is recommended to talk to the doctor the first time symptoms of hemorrhoids are felt so that further effects may be avoided.